Roots And Culture
In the early '80s when "artist meets artist" clash albums were becoming a popular format for reggae releases, producer and label owner Henry "Junjo" Lawes released Roots & Culture on his Jah Guidance imprint. This Culture meets Don Carlos effort is simply a one side Culture, one side Don Carlos affair since the two acts never collaborate. What's even more important is that this edition of Culture does not feature leader Joseph Hill. Hill, the most identifiable member of the group, was at the time using the Culture name himself for a solo career, but here it refers to remaining members Kenneth Lloyd Dayes and Albert Walker. They do a fine job delivering laid-back, spiritual roots music like the opening "Tell Me Who Jah" and an even better job with the lighter, uplifting tunes like "Rub a Dub Train" and "Jah Tabernacle" which is delivered over the always pleasant "Three Blind Mice" riddim. The Don Carlos side features early versions of later hits like "Hog & Goat" and "Say You Will Be My Baby" -- better known as "Ride on Christine" -- along with the light dancehall vibe of "Rub a Dub Queen" which brings reminders of his massive hit "Laser Beam." Solid grooves and good tunes but without Hill and the Channel One versions of the Carlos hits, this fringe release is best suited for the reggae faithful, not the casual fan.
Roots and Culture
The Lisbon Roots, Food, & Cultural Walk takes you off the beaten track to get a unique glimpse into the fascinating history of ancient Lisbon. Leading you through this authentic neighborhood, we take you further into the local history, the roots of Fado song, the architecture, and the city culture while you discover hidden Portuguese food treasures.
Hairy root culture, also called transformed root culture, is a type of plant tissue culture that is used to study plant metabolic processes or to produce valuable secondary metabolites or recombinant proteins, often with plant genetic engineering.
A naturally occurring soil bacterium Agrobacterium rhizogenes that contains root-inducing plasmids (also called Ri plasmids) can infect plant roots and cause them to produce a food source for the bacterium, opines, and to grow abnormally. The abnormal roots are particularly easy to culture in artificial media because hormones are not needed in contrast to adventitious roots, and they are neoplastic, with indefinite growth. The neoplastic roots produced by A. rhizogenes infection have a high growth rate (compared to untransformed adventitious roots), as well as genetic and biochemical stability.
Currently the main constraint for commercial utilization of hairy root culture is the development and up-scaling of appropriate (bioreactors) vessels for the delicate and sensitive hairy roots.
Some of the applied research on utilization of hairy root cultures has been and is conducted at VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd.Other labs working on hairy roots are the phytotechnology lab of Amiens University and the Arkansas Biosciences Institute.
The Ri plasmids can be engineered to also contain T-DNA, used for genetic transformation (biotransformation) of the plant cells. The resulting genetically transformed root cultures can produce high levels of secondary metabolites, comparable or even higher than those of intact plants.
Adventitious root cultures of Prunella vulgaris L. were established in shaking flask system for the production of biomass and secondary metabolites. Adventitious root cultures were induced from callus cultures obtained from leaf explants on solid Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium containing combination of 6-benzyladenine (BA; 1.0 mg l(-1)) and naphthalene acetic acid (NAA; 1.5 mg l(-1)). Thereafter, 0.49 g inoculum was transferred to liquid MS medium supplemented with different concentrations of NAA (0.5-2.0 mg l(-1)). Growth kinetics of adventitious roots was recorded with an interval of 7 days for 49 days period. Highest biomass accumulation (2.13 g/l) was observed in liquid medium containing 1.0 mg l(-1) NAA after 21 days of inoculation. However, other concentrations of NAA also showed similar accumulation pattern but the biomass gradually decreases after 49 days of inoculation. Adventitious roots were collected and dried for investigation of total phenolics (TP), total flavonoids (TF), and antioxidant activities. Higher TPC (0.995 GAE mg/g-DRB) and TFC (6.615 RE mg/g-DRB) were observed in 0.5 mg l(-1) NAA treated cultures. In contrast, higher antioxidant activity (83.53 %) was observed 1.5 mg l(-1) NAA treated cultures. These results are helpful in up scaling of root cultures into bioreactor for secondary metabolites production.
mid-15c., "the tilling of land, act of preparing the earth for crops," from Latin cultura "a cultivating, agriculture," figuratively "care, culture, an honoring," from past participle stem of colere "to tend, guard; to till, cultivate" (see colony). Meaning "the cultivation or rearing of a crop, act of promoting growth in plants" (1620s) was transferred to fish, oysters, etc., by 1796, then to "production of bacteria or other microorganisms in a suitable environment" (1880), then "product of such a culture" (1884).
Slang culture vulture "one voracious for culture" is from 1947. Culture shock "disorientation experienced when a person moves to a different cultural environment or an unfamiliar way of life" is attested by 1940. Ironic or contemptuous spelling kulchur is attested from 1940 (Pound), and compare kultur.
1914, originally, "ideals of civilization as conceived by the Germans," a word from the First World War and in English always at first ironic, from German Kultur, from Latin cultura (see culture (n.)).
The relationship between food, land, social justice and culture is an important part of the conversation that can lead diverse communities towards greater equity in society. Developing a culture of self-reliance is at the core of this project.
Folklife Magazine explores how culture shapes our lives. We publish stories about music, food, craft, language, celebrations, activism, and the individuals and communities who sustain these traditions.
Gerard Roland examines data going back to 3,000 BC for historical roots that might explain the current division of nations as between cultures of collectivism and individualism.In response to the appeal for theories bearing on the empirical evidence presented - and of recent moves by Russia and China to create a 'New World Order' based on similar cultural division - three contributions are discussed. 041b061a72